Two or Three Categories of Days
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Two or Three Categories of Days

Two or Three Categories of Days

If there are three categories of days—new moon days, six work days, and Sabbath days—then the possibility of Sabbaths being fixed on the eighth, the fifteenth, the twenty-second, and the twenty-ninth of every lunar month is feasible.

But if there are only two categories of days (six work days and the seventh-day Sabbath), then the lunar Sabbath theory falls apart!

The lunar Sabbatarians say that there are three distinct categories of days. They quote Ezekiel 46:1:

Thus saith the Lord GOD; The gate of the inner court that looketh toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the sabbath it shall be opened, and in the day of the new moon it shall be opened.

Their argument goes like this:

What happens if new moon falls on a Tuesday (on man’s calendar)? Is the gate open or shut? There is no right answer. The solution is that the new moon never falls on a work day because it is not a work day. It is a third category of day. The gate is closed on all six work days. . . Do the math—you will discover that there are three separate categories of days in YHWH’s calendar: new moon days, work days, and Sabbaths. Since Scripture indicates that these days cannot take place at the same time, do not overlap or share the same space, then we need to rework our understanding of the calendar. (Troy Miller, Three Distinct Categories of Days, pp. 1, 2; accessed at; acces- ed on 10–13–13; emphasis in original)

Their argument may sound logical. If the new moon falls on Tuesday (or on any of the work days of the week) in our calendar and if we open the gate because it is new moon, then we are violating the other part of it which says the gate has to be closed on the six working days. The same is true the other way around. If we close it because Tuesday is a work day, then we are violating the other instruction to open it on new moon days.

If the new moon day is a third category of a day, the problem is solved because then it will never overlap, then the command in Ezekiel can always be obeyed, and then all the dates of the months are fixed permanently to the day of the week—the first is new moon; the eighth, the fifteenth, the twenty-second, and the twenty-ninth are Sabbaths; and the rest of the days in the month are work days.

Let’s Investigate

Based on the three great accounts of the Bible on the categories of days in Genesis and Exodus, the foundational books of the Bible, we find only two categories of days and not three.

The Genesis account of creation has six work days and the Sabbath day.

And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made. (Genesis 2:3)

There are only 2 categories of days—six work days and the seventh-day Sabbath.

In the Exodus account when God was feeding his people miraculously for forty years with manna from heaven, God recognized only two categories of days:

Six days ye shall gather it; but on the seventh day, which is the sabbath, in it there shall be none. (Exodus 16:26)

Again at the giving of the law, we see only two categories of days—the same two categories—six work days and one rest day.

Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work. (Exodus 20:9, 10)

Based on these three foundational accounts of scriptural categories of days, there cannot be another category of day. Every other special day has to fall on either the six working days or on the seventh-day Sabbath.

To the lunar Sabbatarians’ question on what has to be done when the new moon falls on a work day—should the gate of the temple be opened or shut—our answer is open the gate because it is a new moon day. If the new moon is a worship day, then it supersedes the work day.

Here is their question back to them. Let’s look at the Day of Atonement:

Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you … And ye shall do no work in that same day: … It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest. (Leviticus 23:27, 28, 32)

According to the lunar Sabbatarians, the eighth day is a Sabbath on any month; so the tenth is the second day of the workweek. Our question to them is—do you work on the Day of Atonement, for it is the second day of the workweek and according to the ten-commandment law, “six days shalt thou labour and do all thy work,” or do you rest according to Leviticus 23:28?

To solve this do the lunar Sabbatarians want to have a fourth category of days? And maybe they should have a fifth category of days, as well, because the final day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, which falls on the twenty-first of the first month (the sixth work day of the week according to the fixed lunar calendar), is also a day of rest. Do you rest or work? is our question to them. Whatever their answer will be to our question, the same will be our answer to their question on Ezekiel 46:1 as to whether the gate should be opened or closed if the new moon falls on a week day!

If Ezekiel 46 is taken to prove there are three categories of days, based on the same method of calculation, then Leviticus 23 has five categories of days!

Also Ezekiel 46:1 doesn’t say anything about what should be done to the gate on the 30th! According to the lunar Sabbatarians the 30th is not a part of the Sabbath or the new moon or the 6 working days of the week. So should the gate be opened or closed on the 30th? They don’t address this matter at all, but they boldly ask us what should be done if the new moon falls on the 6 working days!

Another text the lunar Sabbatarians keep using to prove that there are three categories of days is found in 2 Kings. When the Shunammite woman wanted to meet Elisha the prophet, her husband asked her, “Wherefore wilt thou go to him to day? it is neither new moon, nor sabbath. And she said, It shall be well” (2 Kings 4:23).

The lunar Sabbatarians say:

“It was during a work day that the Shunammite woman’s husband asked” (Troy Miller, Three Distinct Categories of Days, p. 2; accessed at, http://www.4ang on 10–13–13)

The text of 2 Kings proves nothing about three categories of days. Even in the present Gregorian calendar, the above text perfectly fits.

Let us assume: If the new moon is on the eleventh of a particular month in the Gregorian calendar, and the Sabbath is on the fourteenth, the woman going to meet Elijah on the ninth perfectly fits!

The ninth (Monday) is not the new moon (the eleventh—Wednesday), nor the Sabbath (the fourteenth—Saturday). You don’t need to have their luni-solar calendar to make the text of Second Kings fit. It fits perfectly in the present Gregorian calendar, as well!

Are All New Moon Days Non-Commerce Days?

Another text the lunar Sabbatarians keep using to prove that there are three categories of days is this text in Amos:

Saying, When will the new moon be gone, that we may sell corn? and the sabbath, that we may set forth wheat. (Amos 8:5)

Again this text perfectly fits in our Gregorian calendar, as well, the same way the Shunammite woman’s story of Second Kings fits.

The lunar Sabbatarians assume that they believe the new moon is a non-commerce day always, based on this text. That’s the way they can have a third category of a day.

The New Moon is not a weekly Sabbath; a new moon day is a non-commerce day; a commerce day is not a worship day. The Sabbath and new moons are worship days. (Troy Miller, Three Distinct Categories of Days, p. 2; http://www.4an; acces- sed on 10–13–13)

Scripture reveals that New Moons, like the seventh-day Sabbath, are worship days. . . .

Ezekiel 46:1 places New  Moons together with the seventh-day Sabbath, as opposed to the other six working days . ..

. . . the work abstained from on New Moons, is linked to the same restraint from work on the seventh-day Sabbaths. . . .

If work were allowed on New Moons, the backslidden people would not have been longing for the days of worship to be over so that they could go back to their buying and selling. (“Can we work on New Moon day?; accessed on 10–13–13 at moon/ ml)

The lunar Sabbatarians are clear that new moon is not a work day; it is a worship day like the Sabbath. The fact is that the Bible talks about only one new moon as a special day of rest among the twelve months of the year:

Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation. Ye shall do no servile work therein: but ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD. (Leviticus 23:24, 25)

If all new moons were rest days, holy convocation days, like the Sabbath, then what sense does it make for God to specify all these details? Every first day of the month they would naturally be doing all this—no working, resting, etc.

It is abundantly clear from several passages of scripture that God’s holy men never considered all new moon days as worship days, where rest was commanded.

Consider Ezra the great scribe of God. He traveled from Babylon to Jerusalem. When did he start his journey and when did he reach his destination?

For upon the first day of the first month began he to go up from Babylon, and on the first day of the fifth month came he to Jerusalem, according to the good hand of his God upon him. (Ezra 7:9)

Why would the good hand of God lead him to start and arrive on the new moon day if the new moon was strictly a worship day? Traveling long distance, from one country to another, is not worship, but work!

God clearly commanded that no work was to be done on the Sabbath while building the Sanctuary, even though it was the Lord’s tabernacle that was being built! How sacred is the day of worship and rest!

Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day there shall be to you an holy day, a sabbath of rest to the LORD: whosoever doeth work therein shall be put to death. (Exodus 35:2)

The same Lord instructed Moses when to start building and setting up the sanctuary:

And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, On the first day of the first month shalt thou set up the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation. (Exodus 40:1)

Surely the new moon (first of every month) was not a rest day like the Sabbath. It was like a normal day of work.

Also, look when they finished the work in the setting up of the temple. Again, it was on the new moon, the first of the month!

And it came to pass in the first month in the second year, on the first day of the month, that the tabernacle was reared up. (Exodus 40:17)

From Scripture we see only one new moon day was a day of rest—the seventh month, because that day was the feast day of Trumpets.

So, the text of Amos 8:5—of no selling on the new moon—was a reference to the seventh-month new moon and not to all new moon days.

Theologians from other churches also understand that there is no command that every new moon was to be a holy and rest day. Dr. Adam Clarke, the Methodist Bible commentator, comments on this text of Amos 8:5: “When will the new moon be gone—This was kept as a kind of holy day, not by Divine command, but by custom. The Sabbath was strictly holy.”

The New Moon and Sabbath of Isaiah 66

The lunar Sabbatarians always quote Isaiah 66:23, as well, to prove that new moon is the third category of a day.

For as the new heavens and the new earth, which I will make…And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from one sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before me, saith the LORD. (Isaiah 66: 22, 23)

This passage in no way indicates that there are three categories of days. Because new moon and Sabbaths are listed separately doesn’t mean the new moon and Sabbath can’t overlap. If listing it separately means they are different categories of days, then what about Colossians 2:16?

Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days. (Colossians 2:16)

Here, apart from new moon and Sabbaths, “holyday” is mentioned, as well. So according to this faulty reasoning, there would be four categories of days—work days, new moon, Sabbath day, and holydays.

The lunar Sabbatarians ask us as to how we interpret Isaiah 66:22, 23. Well, to understand the text in Isaiah we have to see what the Bible says elsewhere about the new moon in the new earth. In the city of God there is the tree of life right in front of God’s throne. That tree yields its fruit, every month (or every new moon):

And he shewed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb. In the midst of the street of it, and on either side of the river, was there the tree of life, which bare twelve manner of fruits, and yielded her fruit every month: and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations. (Revelation 22:1, 2)

That is the reason we come before God’s presence in the new earth on the new moon, not because it is a separate category of a day but because on that day we will be eating of the tree of life!

The Creation Account

We know that in the Genesis creation account there are only six work days and a Sabbath day. Look at what the lunar Sabbatarians say about it:

Now in Genesis chapter one is the account of creation week where we also find the six working days, the sabbath and the new moon day. New moon day would have to be that day before the first day of the week as there are no other types of days left to choose from in scripture. So from this bit of information extracted from scripture we find that we start off with the new moon day then the six working days ending with the sabbath. New moon day is not a week day but is the first day of the month. (, “Messiah settles the issue forever”; article no longer available online)

You cannot find a greater twist than this! There are only seven days mentioned by God in the Genesis account of creation. Where does it say there are eight days? There as six working days and one Sabbath day. There is no new moon day mentioned at all.

Truth is never assumed; it is never speculated upon. The lunar Sabbatarians are speculating and imagining it.

We all know from the account of scripture that the moon was introduced only on day four, yet the lunar Sabbatarians are seeing a new moon in Genesis 1:1, 2 because they need to find three categories of days somehow in this most foundational passage of scripture. Here is the new moon for them:

In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. (Genesis 1:1, 2)

For them, the phrase “God created the heaven” means God created the sun, moon and stars in the sky before day one.

Obviously, there were many things created prior to “day one” when light was created. What was the first thing created (as far as mam [sic] is concerned)? The heavens and the earth! . . .

. . . on this un-numbered creation event Yah put into place all the material He would need, then He advanced upon this material for six days before He rested. (Troy Miller, The Moon Regulates the Weekly Sabbath, p. 6; accessed on 10–14–13 at http://www.lightbearerministries. com/files/3713/8039/1672/The_Moon_Regulates_The_Weekly_Sabbath__As_Proved_By_The_Creation_Account_In_Genesi-s_1__Are_You_Surprised.doc.pdf;empha-sis in original)

Since the new moon is dark, the “darkness” of Genesis 1:2 is the new moon that was created, according to them.

Some others believe that the “darkness” of Genesis 1:2 was the devil, as the devil is the prince of darkness. God never said that it was the devil or the new moon in Genesis 1:2. Truth is never based on speculations.

Looking at what God declared and wrote on Sinai, we come to know God never included the period before day one into His reckoning of time for us:

For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it. (Exodus 20:11)

If God included Genesis 1:1, 2 as part of the reckoning of time, as the lunar Sabbatarians do (for creating heaven and earth is work as well), then He should have said—in seven days God made heaven and earth and rested on the eighth day!

The period before the first day account of Genesis cannot be the new moon because:

a) The Scripture is silent on this—that the moon was created on the fourth day and not on the first day.

b) If the un-illuminated “sun, moon and stars” were created during that period, God’s word should say that—and it doesn’t. (Rather the lunar Sabbatarians are saying it six thousand years later!)

c) We know that a new moon day has the same length of time, twenty-four hours, in today’s calendar. If that period was the new moon, it should be twenty-four hours like the rest of the days of the Genesis creation account. Then why do they keep emphasizing it is an “un-numbered” creation event?

d) If the new moon was created prior to day one, God should have named his first work period of creation as day one and the Sabbath as day eight of creation.

e) When God is not counting that period, who are we to count it? When God says in the creation account that only six days are counted and then the Sabbath arrives, why are they counting something that God doesn’t count?

Let me illustrate how ridiculous their calculation is: We know Jacob had seven children through Leah—six boys and a girl (like the six work days and the Sabbath). For us it is no confusion as to how many children Jacob bore through Leah, but with the lunar Sabbatarian’s ridiculous method of calculations Jacob would have had eight—six boys and two girls. And you may want to ask them how, and from where did they get that extra person? They would then say, did you forget to count the first lady, Leah, whom he married in the darkness (like Genesis 1:2 darkness) before the kids were born? But the fact is we don’t count Leah even though she was a part of Jacob’s family. We are just counting the children of Jacob through Leah—and that is six sons and one daughter. The same way in the creation account—God says he has six work days and one Sabbath day. Who are we to put in that extra period of time and to make it a total of eight days?

We shall deal more on the folly of their interpretation of Genesis 1:2 in a future chapter.

We have investigated and seen that there are not three categories of days at all in scripture; there are only two categories of days—the six work days and the seventh-day Sabbath.

All other days—new moon days, yearly Sabbath days, and feast days—fall either on the six work days of the week or on the seventh-day Sabbath.



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Pastor Michael Pedrin Preaching