The Book, ‘The Song of Solomon’, symbolically portrays the love relationship of Christ and His Church. Solomon symbolizes Christ in this song, and his Shulamite bride represents the church.
BUT ONE MIGHT SAY – Was Solomon the best person to represent Christ? Didn’t he have a bad and immoral life with 700 wives and princesses, and 300 concubines? (See 1 Kings 11:3, 4).
Definitely Solomon’s history was no good. Then why did God choose Solomon to write this book, and be a symbol of Christ in the union of marriage?
The other figures:
Before we proceed to see why Solomon was to be the figure of Christ in portraying the love relationship of Christ with His Church, let us look at a few other people who represented Christ one way or the other.
a) The first man, ADAM, was a representative of Christ. As Christ is “the Son of God”, Adam had this title too. Luke records:
Adam, which was the son of God. (Luke 3:38)
Apostle Paul compares Adam and Christ in Romans 5:12-21. And also in his epistle to the Corinthians Paul calls Christ as:
The last Adam. (1 Corinthians 15:45-47)
Adam was the ruler of this planet; and Jesus, the true Son of God, is the ruler of the entire universe.
b) ABEL also symbolized Christ. Jesus talked about the shed blood of Abel just before His own experience at Calvary. Jesus said:
The blood of righteous Abel. (Matthew 23:35)
Paul the great apostle compared the blood of Abel to that of Jesus:
And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel. (Hebrews 12:24)
As his own brother, for no fault of his, killed Abel, Jesus was killed by his own nation, for no fault of His. John records the sorry story:
He came unto his own, and his own received him not. (John 1:11)
c) MELCHIZEDEK, King of Salem, the priest of the most High God, was a type of Christ. As far as the priesthood was concerned, he represented Christ. Christ is called the High Priest of the heavenly sanctuary:
After the order of Melchizedek. (Hebrews 7:11)
d) ISAAC was another symbol of Christ. God told Abraham to offer his youthful lad as a sacrifice (See Genesis 22:1-14), thus symbolizing the Father sacrificing His Son, Jesus. Paul calls Isaac as father Abraham’s:
Only begotten son. (Hebrew 11:17)
Isn’t Jesus also called the “only begotten Son” of God the Father? (See John 3:16). Paul calls Isaac:
A figure. (Hebrew 11:19)
Yes, he was a figure of Jesus in many aspects.
e) MOSES was another symbol of Christ. As Moses was used by God to deliver the Israelites from Egyptian bondage, God the Father used His Son to deliver all who believe in Him from Satan’s bondage of sin, death and grave. Moses himself said of the coming Deliverer, and compared Christ to himself. Moses said:
The LORD thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken. (Deuteronomy 18:15)
In the book of Revelation there is a very special song that God’s special group of people will sing. It is called:
The song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb. (Revelation 15:3)
Yes, Moses and Christ had similarities. Paul too compared the faithfulness of Moses to that of Christ:
Christ Jesus; Who was faithful to him that appointed him, as also Moses was faithful in all his house. (Hebrews 3:1, 2)
There were many people who symbolized Christ and His ministry in a certain aspect.
The animal sacrifices in the Old Testament, also, reflected the coming Messiah. Of course, all the facets of the animal sacrifice cannot be literally taken and be compared to Christ. Only what was intended has to be compared.