The court represents Jesus’ ministry for sinners on earth. There were two items in the court. The altar of burnt offerings and the laver filled with water.
The altar of burnt offering was made up of wood and had four sides.
Exodus 38:1 “And he made the altar of burnt offering of shittim wood”.
Exodus 27:2 “And thou shalt make the horns of it upon the four corners thereof”.
It perfectly represented the cross on which Jesus died, that was made up of wood and had four sides.Just as the blood of Jesus touched the four corners of the cross through His bleeding head, hands and feet, the altar of burnt offering was always touched with blood at the four corners silently reflecting the real altar of burnt offering on Golgotha’s hill.
Ezekiel 43:20, “And thou shalt take of the blood thereof, and put it on the four horns of it, and on the four corners”.
The laver was filled with water, with which the priests washed their hands and feet before they entered the holy place of the sanctuary with the blood of the sacrifice.
Exodus 30: 18, 19, “Thou shalt also make a laver of brass, and his foot also of brass, to wash withal: and thou shalt put it between the tabernacle of the congregation and the altar, and thou shalt put water therein. For Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet thereat”
After Jesus’ death that was symbolized by the altar of burnt offering, Jesus rose from the dead with a new body, a glorious body, that was symbolized by the water of washing in the laver. The body that Jesus had while on earth was just like ours. The apostle wrote,
Romans 8:3, “God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh”
But the body with which Jesus rose from the dead, and has taken the same into the holy place of the heavenly sanctuary, is His glorious body—the body that is washed at the laver. Paul called the resurrected and washed body as “his glorious body” (Philippians 3:21)
Water is a fit symbol of the resurrection from the dead. Paul compares baptism to the death, burial and the resurrection of Jesus. But Peter highlights baptism as a reflection of the resurrection of Jesus.
1 Peter 3:21 “The like figure whereunto even baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ”.