Covenant is a mutual agreement between two parties. The two parties in the spiritual covenant are God and man.
Every covenant has terms and conditions. The party that makes the covenant has conditions laid down and promises a reward to the second party. God is the first party that makes the covenant and God’s people are the second party that has to obey the terms of the covenant, and receives a reward at the end.
In the beginning God made a beautiful earth filled with life and beauty and presented the same to the head of the human race. He made Adam the ruler and king of this lovely planet untainted with the miasma of sin. Adam and Eve were God’s representatives on earth and His reflection as well.
Man was to populate this earth and live forever. God would be our God forever and we would be His people forever. Peace and joy and happiness would reign in the hearts of every person and the entire creation would sing for joy and glorify the Maker.
As God is a God of love, He doesn’t force even good things upon us. The representative of the human race(Adam) had to decide whether he wanted these wonderful gifts from God, or whether he wanted to reject it and return to the dust again. He had to show his acceptance or rejection of God’s bountiful gifts in action. Unfortunately our first parents were tricked by the devil and severed their connection from God and life itself. The words of judgment fell upon their trembling souls,
Genesis 3:19, “For dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.”
Nevertheless God did not forsake them to their doom. He gave them and the human race another chance, a second chance. The first promise of the coming Messiah was narrated in the Garden.
“And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel” (Genesis 3:15).
God would restore humanity again through Christ. They were given “coats of skins” (Genesis 3:21) as a token of the new covenant relationship that comes to us through the shed blood and the ministry of Christ, for fallen humanity.